TALMUD

TALMUD (Heb. תַּלְמוּד). The word "Talmud" means primarily "study" or "learning" and is employed in various senses. One refers to the opinions and teachings which disciples acquire from their predecessors in order to expound and explain them (Seder Tanna'im ve-Amora'im; cf. Rashi to Suk. 28b; BM 32a–b, et al.). Another sense comprises the whole body of one's learning; e.g., "He from whom one has acquired the greater part of his Talmud is to be regarded as one's teacher" (BM 33a). A third meaning is in the technical phrase talmud lomar, which   is used to indicate a teaching derived from the exegesis of a biblical text. A fourth meaning is the analytical aspect of the commandment of Torah study (cf. Maim., Yad, The Laws of Torah Study 1:11). The word "Talmud" is most commonly used, however, to denote the bodies of teaching consisting largely of the traditions and discussions of the amoraim organized around the text of the mishnah of R. Judah ha-Nasi (see talmud , Babylonian, and talmud , Jerusalem). In popular parlance two other phrases are used as alternative names for the Talmud. The first is shas , an abbreviation consisting of the initial letters of Shishah Sidrei (Mishnah), i.e., the "Six Orders" (of the Mishnah) which serve as the literary foundation for the talmudim. The second is gemara (for a full discussion see Albeck, Mevo ha-Talmud (1969), ch. 1). (Eliezer Berkovits / Stephen G. Wald (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TALMUD — Pour le judaïsme, l’authentique interprétation de la Bible hébraïque a été déposée dans la Tora orale, qui constitue le complément et l’achèvement incontestable de la Tora écrite. Véritable «mystère» divin, elle n’a été confiée par le Verbe qu’à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Talmud — • A post Biblical substantive formation of Pi el ( to teach ), and originally signified doctrine or study Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Talmud     Talmud      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • talmud — TALMÚD, talmuduri, s.n. Carte religioasă la evrei, care conţine un comentariu şi o dezvoltare dogmatică a Vechiului testament sub raport religios, legislativ, literar şi istoric. – Din fr. Talmud. Trimis de laura tache, 10.11.2008. Sursa: DEX 98… …   Dicționar Român

  • Talmud — Tal mud, n. [Chald. talm[=u]d instruction, doctrine, fr. lamad to learn, limmad to teach.] The body of the Jewish civil and canonical law not comprised in the Pentateuch. [1913 Webster] Note: The Talmud consists of two parts, the Mishna, or text …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Talmud — [täl′mood, tal′mood; tual′məd, tal′məd] n. [Talmud Heb talmud, lit., learning, instruction (akin to Aram talmuda) < root lmd: see MELAMED] the collection of writings constituting the Jewish civil and religious law: it consists of two parts,… …   English World dictionary

  • Talmud — (Thalmud, »Studium, Lehre, Belehrung«), die Hauptquelle des rabbinischen Judentums, das bändereiche Schriftdenkmal aus den ersten fünf Jahrhunderten n. Chr., das den gesamten religionsgesetzlichen Stoff der jüdischen Tradition, nicht systematisch …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tàlmud — m jud. golemi zbornik židovske postbiblijske literature u kojem su na osnovi usmene predaje zapisane upute i propisi, tumačenja i blagoslovi koji se odnose na zemljoradnju, građansko i krivično zakonodavstvo, prehranu, održavanje čistoće,… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Talmud — (n.) body of Jewish traditional ceremonial and civil law, 1530s, from late Heb. talmud instruction (c.130 C.E.), from lama d to teach. Related: Talmudic …   Etymology dictionary

  • Talmud — Tàlmud m DEFINICIJA jud. golemi zbornik židovske postbiblijske literature u kojem su na osnovi usmene predaje zapisane upute i propisi, tumačenja i blagoslovi koji se odnose na zemljoradnju, građansko i krivično zakonodavstvo, prehranu,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Talmud — (Thalmud, hebr., d.i. Lehre, Lehrbuch), das Gesetzbuch der neuern Juden, eine Sammlung pharisäischer Satzungen u. Überlieferungen, bes. in Beziehung auf religiöses u. bürgerliches Recht, die aus Vorträgen jüdischer Gelehrten der hohen Schulen in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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